Wednesday, June 26, 2013

Puck weaving from undip words

When puck weaving from an undip word, we build out a triangulated surface one triangle at a time, one triangle per undip letter. Half of those letters are "open", the other half are "close" letters. 

Each finished triangle is 4 plies thick. Each 4-square puck weaver effectively covers 4 * 2/3 triangles with a single-ply thickness. So, on average, we need to add 1.5 unit weavers per letter. (That checks since there is one undip letter per vertex in the primal map, and we already knew that we need 1.5 unit weavers per vertex.)

A possible weaving strategy is to add 2 puck weavers at each "open" letter, and 1 at each "close" letter. As an exception, add 3 puck weavers at the first letter (which is invariably "open") and 0 at the last (which is invariably "close."). This strategy always yields  1.5 puck weavers per letter.

4-square puck weavers extend pretty far. One placed centrally extends half-way through it's neighbor's neighbor; one placed "outboard" extends (on its longer side) half-way through its neighbor's neighbor's neighbor. These long extensions can make puck weaving visually complex compared to simple unit weaving, so it is desirable to have definite placement rules to follow. 

Bipartite maps are the simplest to weave. If we always shingle composite weavers the same way (the standard way is with the leading strokes of the w's in front,) then every all-central vertex will be identical, and every all-outboard vertex will be identical. If the primal map is bipartite, then it is possible to have just these two types of vertex in the basket. Such a solution is found simply by making these two types alternate around any cycle, for example the Hamilton cycle encoded by an undip word. This alternation in types will occur automatically along the length of any composite weaver, we only need to be careful when placing crossing pucks to avoid creating a hybrid vertices.

If we would like an undip word for a bipartite basket to terminate at an all-outboard vertex, we simply need to start it at an all-central vertex. 

Each woven peak can be characterized as "upstairs" or "downstairs" by circling around the peak in a counterclockwise direction and noticing the "steps" where each weaver underlies or overlies the next. This determination can be made on either side of the fabric and gives the same result. When composite weavers are shingled the standard way (with the leading stroke of the w in front) only "downstairs" peaks are correctly woven. Weaving correctly automatically assures that the flaps of the pucks are hidden on both faces. 

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